About KalanaurKalanaur, small town in the Rohtak district of Haryana is rapidly emerging as an industrial hub and a getaway centre for people looking to explore more about Haryanvi culture and traditions. The city on the Rohtak-Delhi Bhiwani road is an upcoming town in the Rohtak district of Haryana. The town of Kalanaur is sited at a distance of 28 km from Bhiwani and 20 km from Rohtak. Kalanaur is strategically situated and is surrounded on the three sides by different towns.
Origin of KalanaurThere are various diverse viewpoint regarding the naming of Kalanaur. It was believed by a certain class of people that Kalanaur was founded by Rao-Rante. There is a widely popular belief or we can say a story about the evolution of Kalanaur.it is believed that a Hindu lady by the name of Kalawati loved with her heart and soul a Muslim boy named Noor Mohammed. Their unconditional and pure love was marked as representation of the soul stirring love in that place and it was named as Kalanoor, later on it was changed as Kalanaur, but there is no reliable evidence in support of this opinion.
Kalyan Singh EpisodeAnother story which talks about the emergence of Kalanaur is that it was set up by Kalyan Singh (who was popularly identified as Kalan). It is believed that Kalyan Singh was an inhabitant in Dhara Nagari where was situated the Ujjain city where he used to live. Anang Pal Singh’s daughter was married to the son of Kalyan Singh. This region was, at the time of their marriage, this region was gifted by King Anang Pal Singh to Kalyan Singh. The clever king Kalyan Singh took up again this region to acquire the recognized village Bhali situated on the embankment of drain and subsequently he assembled his power of rule in place named Gaddi Kheri. After this Kalanaur town was reestablished in the year 1071. Kalyan Singh had three sons. The division of Kalanaur took as per their names. However in contemporary times it is renowned as Kalanaur Khurd and Kalanaur Kalan. In the regional dialect, it is established as Bada Panna and Chotta Panna.
It is of the belief that Kalanaur accomplished great development during the period of Mughals. The story of progress and improvement of Kalanaur region is justified by the construction of buildings, which were made during the Mughal Empire. The town of Kalanaur town is popularly known as province of dharamshalas better known as the resting places for tourists, wells, mosques and ponds e.g.in Kalanaur the northern, western and the eastern regions are surrounded by ponds. The pond of Jhaujad wala is in the northern direction, the Nittaraian is located in the East of Kalanaur and pond of Jasar wala in the west. During the ancient times it is believed that the town of Kalanaur was surrounded by a deep mine known popularly as a Khai.
History of KalanaurThe historical backdrop of Kalanaur existed much before 13th. century. It is likely late 7th or mid 8th. century that Raja Nakay Rao secured its govern over the region. Later, the Raja of Kalanaur Raja Saheb Rao Sena was one of the 150 Rajas who had taken part in both the wars of 1191 & 1192 at Tarain (Thanessar) alongside Prithviraj Chauhan against Mohammad Ghour. He embraced religion of Islam after the annihilation and Prithviraj Chauhan was caught and killed by Mohammad Ghour under imprisonment. They moved to the slopes close Peer Panchaal in the wake of getting to be Muslims as other Rajput broke relations with this crew. To expound further and throw more light over the historicity of Kalanaur it’s known that Emperor Janamejaya was the child of Maharaja Parikshit and extraordinary grandson of Arjuna the valiant warrior saint of the Mahabharata epic. Emperor Janamejaya's more youthful sibling, Prince Kakshasena secured a different free kingdom at Indraprastha, which later rose to turn into a prevailing drive in its own particular right.
Before long, Emperor Janamejaya's most youthful sibling Raja Nakay Rao built a kingdom at Kalanaur in Northern Punjab. Cutting edge political limits today find Kalanaur City in the region of Rohtak in Haryana, India. The very name Jarral was embraced like different Rajputs did in distinctive times after their apical precursor, Raja Jir Rao, a Rajput direct relative of Emperor Janamejaya and the Pandavas of the Mahabharata.
The Jarral Rajas managed the state made by Raja Nakay Rao in Northern Punjab from its capital Kalanaur for more than 350 years until Ghauris attacked Punjab and Prithviraj Chauhan was vanquished in 1192. The Rajas of Punjab however autonomous had acknowledged Prithviraj Chauhan as their preeminent pioneer to together battle intruders with the exception of the Rathod Raja Jaichand of Kannauj.
Since, Jarrals had acknowledged Islam after the thrashing in 1192, their history from Kalanaur has been purposely eradicated totally. Luckily Mahakaleshwar Temple at Kalanaur and Mukeshwar Temple at Shahpur Kandi demonstrate that Kalanaur existed much before the two sisters Kala and Noor said in the gazetteer as originator of Kalanaur. These two religious locales affirm Rajput govern over the region.
Other than Mughals, Kalanaur likewise contains imperative images of history going back to 1000 AD. In 1000 AD it was the main vital town in the middle of Lahore and Nagarkot (Kangra).The students of history of the area mourn that even the administration has been emotionless to the history in and around Kalanaur. Blocks from the greater part of the imperative verifiable structures in and Kalanaur were utilized for the development of the Amritsar-Pathankot railroad line in 1884.The students of history have requested that history in Kalanaur ought to be preserved by the legislature.
Amid the 14th-16th centuries of years, Kalanaur was a major urban focus and a few authentic occasions are connected with the town. Kalanaur was at one time a focal point of workmanship, exchange and cabin industry. A nearby saying has it that "an individual who has not seen Lahore ought to see Kalanaur." The town houses an acclaimed sanctuary of Lord Shiva. The Shivalingam cherished in the sanctuary is in even frame and bound with the ground, with the sanctum sanctorum above it. A yearly three-day reasonable harmonizing with the Shivaratri celebration is held in the region of the sanctuary. Free kitchens are composed and a huge number of lovers come to pay deference to the ruler.
Geography of KalanaurKalanaur coordinates at 28.83°N 76.4°E . Towards the western direction is situated Bhiwani town, and the significant town of Meham which is historically also important is situated on the northern side. Apart from this the southern direction of Kalanaur has the location of Beri town. All these three towns are important in their own ways as well. A cluster of small villages which includes Sanghadhera, Kherdi, Ningana, Gudhan, Baund, Pilaur, Lahlii, Mokhra, Katesra, Aanwal, Jindraan, and Basana etc. are located in the peripheral areas of Kalanaur. The town is famous for its religious spots as well other historic sites which are a treat to the eyes of the nature lover and creates wonderful opportunities to get away from the hectic pace of fast lives of big cities. The people here are simple and they follow a pattern to live in simple ways to get peace of life. The history of the place is amazing with lots of character to it.
Climate of KalanaurThe climate in this region is tropical with extreme hot and cold weather variations. The months of May and June are extremely hot. Bouts of very hot winds that are referred to as "loo" blows during the summer season. Months of July, August and September see downpour in form of rain. Annually a minimum of 443 mm. rainfall is evaluated regularly in this region. Apart from this the months of December and January sees major drop in temperatures.
Soil of KalanaurThe soil type of the region is sandy and loamy. The soil characteristics favor growing of a different crop types. The major crops grown in the region are rye, asparagus and potatoes. The floral patterns in the region varies with the growth of eucalyptus and other trees . With the onset and change in climatic patterns a lot of seasonal birds throng the areas of Kalanaur.
Demography of KalanaurAs of 2001 India census, Kalanaur had a populace of 16,847. Male population constitutes 53% of the populace and females 47%. Kalanaur has a normal education rate of 65%, higher than the national normal of 59.5%. Male proficiency is 72%, and female proficiency is 58%. In Kalanaur, 15% of the populace is under 6 years old. As indicated by 2011 census, Kalanaur had populace of 22,752. Downright development is 5,899 with a growth of 35 %.
Art and Culture of KalanaurKalanaur houses many architectural marvels and wonders dating back to old times, which showcase the influences of the local medieval history. The city takes pride in itself with the presence of several temples, palaces belonging to diverse historical era. Many places of worships and monuments stand tall illustrating the ancient art. The various craft patterns which are visibly inherent in the city include crafting traditions like embroidery, tie and dye fabrics, jewellery making, stone sculpture etc. which prospered during the old times and are continued even today.
Life of People in KalanaurThe life of people is very simple and contending. The town is connected fully by providing electric supply to all people and most of the people have proper shelter. However at places we find many living in the kuccha houses with the feeling of content and satisfaction. Most people here earn their living by working as wage laborers in factories and other small industrial units. They work in construction works, agriculture as well mining. Women and kids are engaged in agricultural chores which are seasonal in character. There are various farming communities that are seen in the Kalanaur town are known to raise cattle, camels, goats and sheeps and they live in villages surrounding the town. They majorly follow pastoralism. The lifestyle of the people is very simplistic. The people here are fond of typical food of Haryana.
Food in KalanaurThe food which is more on the spicier side and no taste of sweetness can be seen or tasted in the food. The people here enjoy the local delicacies as paav bhaji and sweets along with all the famous north Indian delicacies as rabri,faluda,chaat tikki,gol gappe and the all famous dal makhani and naan. The people here believe in eating till one’s heart content and have so refrained themselves and their kids from junk food mania. They love to eat the pure form of food and be happy.
Entertainment in KalanaurThe life of the people of Kalanaur is very simple in this regard. They prefer to sit together and discuss the ways of life. Definitely technology too would have spread its roots across the town with television and internet coming up in this 21st century to every household. For tourists also Kalanaur has lots to offer. To experience nature closely there are various wild life zoos and parks. The open spaces and lush green fields act ideal spots for picnics. One of the best time pass and the favourite sport of people of Kalanaur is Kabaddi of which many competitions and championships are also held and people enjoy it to the fullest.
Festivals in KalanaurHaryana in India is known as the land of temples and is often referred to as “mini kaashi”. The vibrancy and hues of various festivals are visible in every nook and corner of Haryana when all the temples bear a lovable site and the décor and spiritual air adds to all the major festivities. All the major festivals are celebrated with lots of pomp and show. The Navratri festival and the Janmashtmi fairs are loved by all. But the most important is the festival of diwali which marks the coming back of Lord Rama from exile after killing Raavana. The festival marks a lot of fairs during the time which sees tourists and people coming to the place from all parts of the country to show their respect and strengthen faith in their God. Culturally we can say that Kalanaur is very rich and tradition bound and is famous for some very marvelous festivals. Main festivals are Fair of Guga-Pir, Dushera and Fair of Animals. The fair of guga pir attracts devotees from all sections of society be it Hindu or muslim.the people throng the place in huge numbers to pay their respect and enjoy the fair in full furrow.
The fair of animals is one of its kinds with all the major breeds of cattle and various animals being traded in the fair and all the major animal feeds and scientifically improved cattle feeds being on display.
Religious Places to Visit in KalanaurKalanaur is rightly said as mini kaashi with hoards of temples to visit and reinstill the connection with god. Few of the temples that should be visited are:
Devi Mata Mandir : This temple basically takes you on for the visit of Mata rani who is worshiped in India with full zest and spirituality.
Mahavir Mandir : This temple is an ode to god Mahavira and is major visiting temple for all the Jaina devotees.
Banke Bihari Mandir: The temple is one of the most visited to find solace and peace of mind where lord Krishna resides in his full glory.
Sai Baba Mandir : Of recent times Sai Baba mandir has seen influx of huge number of devotees on Thursdays and this temple surely is a must visit to seek his blessings.
Arya Smaj Mandir: The purity and sacredness reaching out from flames of hawan agni make the environment around the temple to visit once and feel the energy of hymns recited.
Railway Station Church: People of all sects and faith have the right to worship any faith they wish.the chuch near railway station is example of university in diversity.
Shri Sheetla Mata Mandir: It is one of the most important temples with Goddess Sheetla worshipped by all the devotees throughout the year.
Lakshmi Narayana Mandir and Sita Ram Mandir cater to the beliefs of Hindus who get immense peace and satisfaction by worshiping their loved God in whatever form they like and for this the temples by different names are built. Shiv mandir, Shani Dev Mandir, Siddheshver Mandir, Maharishi Valmiki Mandir,Sat Jinda Kalyana,Sati Bhai Sai Das,Shree Guga Peer Mandir and Old Masjid are some more religious spots that are of great importance and genuinely needs a visit.
Transportation in KalanaurDelhi-Bhiwani Broad-gauge railway line passes through the town. Kalanaur is well connected to all major places of northern India. Kalanaur is a railway junction on the northern Railway (India) and is connected to Haryana and other regions of northern India and other parts by rail links.There are auto rickshaws and larger un-hooded three-wheelers which typically run on custom-made engines thereby providing speed to the vehicles. These are available for travel within the town and surrounding areas. The distance between the places is accessible by cycles and two wheelers as well. The school children and the people of the town travel mostly on foot and cycles. More than 150 buses make to and fro journey across different parts from this town. By air the city can be accessed by air with connectivity through New Delhi air port which is further connected by road from there.
Kalanaur at a glanceCountry : India
District : Rohtak
State : Haryana
Elevation : 221.35m
Official languages Haryanvi, Hindi